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At Bwogi Farms we have two breeds of cattle we are specializing in namely ankole and boran cattle.

Ankole cattle

Ankole cattle are usually red in color but may also have a black, brown, white, yellow, fawn, or grey coat. The purer Ankole cattle have a medium-long head, a short neck with a deep dewlap and a narrow chest. The hump is cervico-thoracic, small and barely visible on the cow. Ankole cattle are noted for their dramatic horns. The horns may be straight or curved to resemble a lyre. Ankole are agile jumpers and runners to escape predators, but they can also use their long horns as a weapon to defend against predators. When threatened, the bulls will form a circle, horns facing out, around the cows with the calves in the very center. The cattle will also sleep in this circle formation. The ankoles’ habitat can have daytime high temperatures of 120 degrees F, nighttime low temperature of 20 degrees F. The ankoles horns act as a cooling system. The blood circulating to the tip of the horn disperses heat before it returns to the body. The cattle are also able to live with low amounts of water and can sustain themselves on low-quality feed.

However, a small proportion of the herd has now been set aside with a greater proportion composed of Ankole and Boran Cross breeds. The boran is now the dominant breed type on the farm. The genetic transfer of breeds gives 50 per cent increase in beef production.

Boran cattle

The Boran is a medium-size Bos indicus breed that shows high resistance to heat, ticks, and eye diseases. It can endure drought conditions and can live on low quality feed. They are suitable for crossbreeding and are known to be beef efficient cattle. Borans are highly fertile and mature earlier than most other Bos indicus breeds, and are noted for their longevity. They are usually white or grey but are also found in red or pied (multicolored). Bulls often displaying black points. Other characteristics are;

  • HEAD: Short and wide with a broad muzzle. Prominent, protective eyebrows. Small ears and not drooping. A proportion of the breed is naturally polled (don't have horns).
  • DEWLAP: Well developed with plenty of loose skin.
  • NECK: Short, strong, deep and muscular.
  • SHOULDERS: Deep and full, broad brisket with shoulders well laid on the ribs which are well sprung. Good depth at the girth, resulting in good capacity
  • HUMP: Prominent and well developed. Located directly over the withers
  • BACK: Broad, strong and straight. Characteristically the Boran has a low tail setting.
  • HINDQUARTERS: Broad and full continuing well down the second thigh and with good length from tail head to scrotum.
  • HIPS: Wide and well fleshed between the pin bones and the root of the tail.
  • LEGS: Medium length, strong and set square. Strong bone, but not coarse.
  • SCROTUM / SHEATH: Testes mature early and are well developed, whilst the sheath has firm skin and good muscle control, protecting the prepuce from shrubs, thorns and rough pasture.
  • SKIN COLOUR AND HAIR: Loose, thick and extremely pliable skin for added insect repellence and a dark pigment with fine short hair for heat tolerance.






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